Keeping your blood sugar levels in the range advised by doctors can be daunting at times. What is a Dangerous Blood Sugar Level? You don’t want your blood sugar level getting to 180 and above. When your blood sugar level is too high or too low, the body is overpowered, and you become very sick.
How can You Avoid High Blood Sugars?
In case any of these two happen, you are deemed to be in an emergency, and if not treated fast, it can lead to fatalities. Dangerous blood sugar level is when the blood sugar balance shifts to one side and it’s either too high or too low.
When you have too much blood sugar in your body, this condition is also known as hyperglycemia while having too little sugar is known as hypoglycemia.
These two are dangerous conditions, but the most severe is hyperglycemia. If not solved in an emergency room and as soon as possible, it can lead to death.
According to the world health organization, high blood sugar level is when:
- Blood glucose levels are higher than 7.0 mmol/L on a fasting period
- Blood glucose level is higher than 11.0 mmol/L after meals
The body requires glucose to function properly but at balanced levels and balancing is done by the pancreas. Your body cells depend on glucose for energy. When the blood sugar level is too high, the body isn’t using the glucose properly, or it doesn’t make insulin which is used to transport the glucose to the body cells through the bloodstream.
Your body gets glucose from the foods you eat and specifically from the foods that contain carbohydrates. Fruits, potatoes, milk, bread and rice are some of the most significant glucose sources in a standard diet. These are fairly common, right?
When you consume these foods, the body breaks down the carbs into glucose which is then transported to the body cells by insulin via the bloodstream. The muscle cells are some of the cells that require a lot of glucose to function correctly.
For example, people with hyperglycemia have to take enough insulin before meals to help with the glucose they will ingest. If not, the glucose in their body can rise to dangerous levels leading to hyperglycemia emergency.
Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are both dangerous, but hyperglycemia is not good. Reason being, when the blood sugar levels exceed 7.0 mmol/L for a long time, it starts to damage internal body organs and the symptoms might not be seen or might not even develop until the glucose levels exceed 11.0 mmol/L.
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What are the Causes of Hyperglycemia?
There are two main causes of rising or high blood sugar levels in the body:
- Loss of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas
- If the body develops resistance to insulin
If you are diagnosed with hyperglycemia, it is advised that you keep your blood sugar levels in check especially after meals.
You are also advised to keep off foods with high glucose or sugar levels to reduce the chances of high blood sugar levels that can lead to an emergency.
Some of the immediate reasons that cause hyperglycemia include:
- Missing a dose of your prescribed diabetic medication or insulin
- Eating a lot of carbohydrates that the body can’t handle
- Mental and emotional stress like anxiety or surgery
These are the causes of hyperglycemia in people who are already diagnosed with the condition and medication provided to help keep the blood sugar levels in balance.
Diabetics diagnosed with hyperglycemia are in more danger as compared to those diagnosed with hypoglycemia. With hypoglycemia, cases of emergency are rare, and if an incident occurs, you can control it before you get to the emergency room. But of course you never want it to get to that point.
Low blood sugar level can be controlled by giving the patient a sugar or glucose solution or fruits with high amounts of sugar, and they will stabilize before you get to the ER. With hyperglycemia, the ER is the first stop you make because getting rid of blood sugar is much harder and is mostly controlled by insulin shots.
Check Out the Video Below for Your Blood Glucose Target Range
Dangers of High Blood Sugar Levels
Ever heard of the term diabetic coma? This is a life-threatening diabetes complication caused by either high or low blood sugar levels. The condition causes unconsciousness, and the diabetic becomes unresponsive to sights, sound or other kinds of stimulation. You certainly do not ever want to get to this stage at all!
In a diabetic coma, you are alive, but you can’t respond to anything or awaken, and this is mostly caused by lack of emergency treatment in case of a diabetic emergency. If the diabetic coma is left untreated, it can be fatal, but luckily, the ER can put an end to it all. Patients are always advised to be aware of their condition all the time and take medication as prescribed.
Patients are also advised to keep what they eat in check against their underlying condition and even inform a loved one or relative of their condition. This way, in case an emergency occurs, the patient can reach out to the person who won’t freak out but help them as fast as possible. This sure as heck makes sense, don’t you agree!
Symptoms of Hyperglycemia
If you are a diabetic, the idea of going into a diabetic coma can be so scary. However, steps can be taken to prevent it, and it all starts by flowing the prescribed diabetes treatment and not missing any dose. Before you go into a diabetic coma, you are most likely going to experience some symptoms. These include: